RAP-RNA Library Preparation [ download protocol ]

Goal: Prepare Illumina sequencing libraries from purified RNAs. This protocol is optimized for very low amounts of input RNA, and uses an adapter-ligation strategy in order to map locations of crosslinks (e.g., for the AMT protocol). This RNA-sequencing protocol also includes several steps that remove contaminating ssDNA probes.

Primer and Adapter Sequences

RiL-19 RNA adapter:  /5Phos/rArGrArUrCrGrGrArArGrArGrCrGrUrCrGrUrG/3ddC/
3Tr3 DNA adapter: /5Phos/AGATCGGAAGAGCACACGTCTG/3ddC/
            5Phos = 5’ phosphate, 3ddC = 3’ dideoxycytosine to block self-ligation

AR17 primer for reverse transcription:  ACACGACGCTCTTCCGA

Universal PCR primer: AATGATACGGCGACCACCGAGATCTACACTCTTTCCCTACACGACGCTCTTCCGATCT

Barcoded PCR primer (example 8-mer barcode in red – Illumina indexing read will contain the reverse complement of this sequence):
CAAGCAGAAGACGGCATACGAGATCCTGGTAGGTGACTGGAGTTCAGACGTGTGCTCTTCCGATCT

DNase Digestion and RNA Preparation

  1. Start with 31 µL of purified RNA in H2O in low-retention PCR strip tubes.
  2. Add 19 µL of a master mix containing:

5× FNK Buffer

10

µl

Murine RNase Inhibitor

1

µl

FastAP Thermosensitive Alkaline Phosphatase

3

µl

T4 Polynucleotide Kinase

3

µl

TURBO DNase

1

µl

Exonuclease I

1

µl

Total

19

µl

  1. Mix well and incubate at 37°C for 30 minutes.
  2. Clean up with 15 µL SILANE beads, 3× volume RLT, and 1× volume ethanol. Elute in 6 µL H2O.

First Ligation

  1. Add 20 pmol (0.5 µL of 40 µM) RNA adapter RiL-19 to each sample.
  2. Denature at 70°C for 2 minutes and then transfer immediately to ice.
  3. Add 13.6 µL of ligation master mix: 

10× NEB Ligase 1 Buffer

2

µl

DMSO (100%)

1.8

µl

ATP (100 mM)

0.2

µl

PEG 8000 (50%)

8

µl

Murine RNase Inhibitor

0.3

µl

T4 RNA Ligase 1 (30 U / µL)

1.3

µl

Total

13.6

µl

  1. Close cap and mix by shaking vigorously and spinning down tubes many times.
  2. Incubate at room temperature for 1.5 hours.
  3. Clean RNA: Add 15 µL SILANE beads in 61 µL RLT. Mix well. Add 65 µL 100% ethanol. Mix well and wait 2 minutes. Wash twice by resuspending beads in 70% ethanol. Dry for 5-10 minutes. Elute in 14.3 µL H2O.

Reverse Transcription – First Strand cDNA

  1. To each sample, add 10 pmol (0.5 µL of 20 µM stock) AR17 primer.
  2. Denature at 70°C for 2 minutes and then immediately transfer to ice.
  3. Add 6 µL of reverse transcription master mix: 

10× AffinityScript RT Buffer

2

µl

100 mM DTT

2

µl

100 mM dNTPs (25 mM each)

0.8

µl

Murine RNase Inhibitor

0.4

µl

AffinityScript Reverse Transcriptase Enzyme

0.8

µl

Total

6

µl

  1. Quickly mix by pipet and transfer to a preheated 55°C incubator.
  2. Incubate at 55°C for 5 minutes, 54°C for 50 minutes, then 4°C for 1 minute.
  3. Immediately remove samples from thermal cycler.
  4. Digest excess RT primers by adding 3 µL of ExoSAP-IT. Mix and incubate at 37°C for 12 minutes.

Probe Removal

  1. Take 20 µL of Streptavidin C1 magnetic beads per sample. Wash in 1× C1 Binding Buffer (10 mM Tris pH 7.5, 250 mM LiCl, 20 mM EDTA, 0.1% Triton X-100). Aliquot out beads into an empty strip tube, place on magnet, then remove supernatant.
  2. Add 2.5 µL of 10× C1 Binding Buffer to each sample, then transfer the samples to the washed beads and mix.
  3. Incubate at 60°C for 15 minutes in a thermal mixer, shaking at 1,200 r.p.m.
  4. Place samples on magnet; remove and keep supernatant. Discard beads with captured probes.

Second Ligation

  1. Degrade RNA by adding 2.55 µL 1 M NaOH to each sample (100 mM final concentration).
  2. Incubate at 70°C for 10 minutes.
  3. Place samples on ice and neutralize solution by adding 2.55 µL 1 M acetic acid.
  4. Clean up RNA using 12 µL of SILANE beads with 75 µL RLT and 65 µL 100% ethanol. At end, resuspend beads in 5.5 µL H2O but do not remove sample from beads.
  5. Add 40 pmol (0.5 µL of 80 µM stock) 3Tr3 DNA adapter to each sample containing cDNA and SILANE beads.
  6. Denature at 75°C for 2 minutes and then transfer immediately to ice.
  7. Add 14.1 µL of ligation master mix: 

10× NEB Ligase 1 Buffer

2

µl

DMSO (100%)

0.8

µl

ATP (100 mM)

0.2

µl

PEG 8000 (50%)

9.5

µl

T4 RNA Ligase 1 (30 U / µL)

1.6

µl

Total

14.1

µl

  1.  
  2. Close cap and mix by shaking vigorously and spinning down tubes many times.
  3. Incubate at room temperature overnight. Mix by shaking several times during this period.
  4. Clean up sample by adding 5 µL more of SILANE beads in 61 µL RLT, then adding 55 µL 100% ethanol. Wash twice and elute in 25 µL H2O.

PCR Enrichment

  1. Set up PCR reaction:

cDNA

21

µl

Barcoded PCR primer (25 µM)

2

µl

Universal PCR primer (25 µM)

2

µl

NEBNext High-Fidelity 2× Master Mix (NEB)

25

µl

Total

50

µl

  1. Run the following PCR program:

Initial Denaturation

98°C

30 seconds

1 cycle

Denaturation

98°C

10 seconds

 

Annealing

67°C

30 seconds

4 cycles

Extension

72°C

30 seconds

 

Denaturation

98°C

10 seconds

4-10* cycles

Annealing and Extension

72°C

30 seconds

 

Final Extension

72°C

60 seconds

1 cycle

Hold

4°C

hold

 

  1. *RAP samples usually require 10 cycles during this step, while inputs require between 4 and 6.
  2. Clean once using 1.2× volume (60 µL) SPRI beads. At end, add 40 µL H2O but do not remove from beads.
  3. Clean again use 1.1× volume (50 µL) SPRI beads. At end, elute in 24 µL and remove 23 µL from the beads.
  4. Measure library concentration with Qubit fluorometric quantitation.
  5. Examine DNA fragment sizes using the High-Sensitivity DNA Bioanalyzer kit.
  6. Pool multiple barcoded libraries and sequence with Illumina.